The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence Institute (SETI) has been monitoring an unusual light pattern in a star system for more than two weeks.
The system, KIC 8462852, also known as Tabby's Star, has been under scrutiny since its unusual light fluctuation was discovered a few years back by users of the online astronomy crowdsourcing site Planet Hunters.
Situated 1,500 light years away between the Cygnus and Lyra constellations, light from the star system occasionally has dropped by 20%, according to data that was collected by NASA's Kepler Telescope, which is on a mission to find Earth-like planets by looking for the periodic dimming of stars that might suggest a planet is passing by.
SETI Institute started investigating the star after learning that the Kepler team had vetted data showing there is an atypical light pattern coming from the region.
Space anomaly gets experts' attention
The telescope, located in the Cascade Mountains in California, was searching for two different types of radio signals -- possible markers for technology.
The first type of radio signals, narrow-band signals, theoretically emit a "hailing signal" that a society would use if it wanted to announce its presence. They are most often sought in radio experiments, according to the SETI Institute. The second type -- broadband signals -- might be present if there was an ancient alien structure in the star system.
What the institute is looking for are signals from transmitters such as from a television station or a radar, senior astronomer Seth Shostak told CNN. But so far they haven't picked up anything from KIC 8462852.
But that doesn't rule out intelligent life in the star system or other parts of the universe, Shostak said.
"There is estimated to be in our galaxy alone a trillion planets. And we can see 100 billion galaxies," he said. "It's believed that one in 10 stars may have a habitable world capable of supporting life. That's a lot of real estate."
Several theories have been offered up as explanations for the star's aperiodic light variation.
In September, Yale postdoctoral astronomy fellow Tabetha Boyajian, who is on Planet Hunters' advisory team, and other colleagues published an academic paper that theorized the light changes could be from comet fragments. However, Boyajian told CNN in October that future observations are still needed.
Other theories that have been tossed around by experts and astronomy novices include a swarm of comets, an undetected celestial phenomenon heading toward Earth, or the most attention-grabbing -- an "alien megastructure," a term coined by some internet users.
"The history of astronomy tells us that every time we thought we had found a phenomenon due to the activities of extraterrestrials, we were wrong," Shostak said.
"But although it's quite likely that this star's strange behavior is due to nature, not aliens, it's only prudent to check such things out."
SETI plans to continue monitoring the star system.